Breed Improvement Using Sexed-Semen for Filling Gaps and Removing Traps for Commercial Cattle Farming in Nepal
Lok Nath Paudel1, Reshmi Raj Gnyawali2
1Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Department of Livestock Services, Nepal
Livestock is an integral part of Nepalese agricultural system that contributes about 12% to the national Gross Domestic Production (GDP) and 30% to the agricultural GDP. Livestock enterprise is becoming semi-commercial to commercial especially after launching the Dairy Cattle and Buffalo Genetic Improvement Program (DCBGIP) and subsequently artificial insemination (AI) mission programme in Nepal. The AI mission programme (2011-19) has increased the number of animals inseminated to around 0.7 million in 2018 as compared to 0.15 million before seven years. This programme has been adding more than 0.2 million crossbred calves every year in the country. Because of religious and cultural value systems, cattle are not allowed to slaughter in Nepal. Therefore, yearly production of around 0.1 million male-calves, other than needed for natural services and AI, are becoming a burden to the nation. To mitigate this problem, an effort has been made to introduce sexed semen that could result in more than 90% female-calves.
Keywords: Cattle, commercialisation, gaps, religion, sexed semen, sustainability, traps
Contact Address: Lok Nath Paudel, Ministry of Agriculture and Livestock Development, Department of Livestock Services, Hariharbhawan, Lalitpur, Nepal, e-mail: paudelln2015gmail.com