Using Treated Waste Water for Agriculture in Tunisia: Farmers' and Consumers' Perspectives
Majdi Gouja1, Christian Schleyer2, Andreas Thiel1
1University of Kassel, International Agricultural Policy and Environmental Governance, Germany
As climate variability escalates, depleting high-quality groundwater, the exploration of non-traditional water sources for irrigation agriculture has become a top priority in many drought-prone countries in the Middle East and in Northern Africa. Before the background of improvements in and better availability of wastewater treatment technologies, this contribution investigates institutional, social, economic, and governance drivers pertinent to understanding farmer´s acceptance and adoption of treated wastewater (TWW) in agriculture in Tunisia. Regionally, the research focused on the island of Djerba and on the region of Medenine. Here, the selected case study sites are suffering from an increasingly severe water shortage coupled with declining groundwater supplies; therefore, fostering the use of treated waste water for agricultural purposes has become an important policy objective. Empirically, it draws on an extensive review of primary written sources, on more than 12 semi-structured interviews with relevant stakeholders and other experts at national, regional and local level, and on a focus group with more than 20 participants carried out in spring 2018.
Keywords: Agriculture, treated waste water, Tunisia
Contact Address: Christian Schleyer, University of Innsbruck, Institute of Geography, Innrain 52d, 6020 Innsbruck, Austria, e-mail: christian_schleyhotmail.com