Biodiversity in Animal Genetic Resources and their Importance for Environmental and Animal Welfare
Bäuerliche Erzeugergemeinschaft Schwäbisch Hall, Germany
The People's Republic of China does not only host the world's largest numbers of pigs but also the largest pool of animal genetic resources in terms of pig breeds. There are more than 120 autochthonous Sus scrofa vitattus breeds (Asian banded pigs) of which several were imported to England at the end of the 18th century and after 1816 also reached the mainland of the European continent. Until then, only Sus scrofa scrofa types as partially domesticated wild pigs where found in Europe. The most well-known descendant of the Sus scrofa vitattus sub-species is the Schwäbisch-Hällische Landschwein which originates from the Jinhua pig bred Hangzhou province; in 1820 it arrived via England to Stuttgart-Hohenheim in Germany.
Keywords: Breeds, genetic resources, pigs
Contact Address: Rudolf Bühler, Bäuerliche Erzeugergemeinschaft Schwäbisch Hall, Haller Straße 20, 74549 Wolpertshausen, Germany, e-mail: rudolf.buehlerbesh.de