Developmental Approaches of Commercial Potential of PGPR Based "Organic Biofertiliser-Beyonic LIPI" Technology from the Test Tube to Farmer's Field in Indonesia and some Private Industries
Sarjiya Antonius, Tirta Kumala Dewi, Dwi Agustiyani, Nur Laili, Agung Adi Nugroho, Achirul Nditasari
Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Indonesia
The beneficial bacteria are collectively known as plant growth promoting rhizobacteria (PGPR). They colonize in the rhizosphere of plants upon introduction and promote plant growth and control plant diseases. The dramatic negative effects of conventional farming are harms to human health and environmental pollution. Due to several health hazards, farmer preferences shift towards the use of the organic food grown without the use of any chemical fertilisers. They offer an economically attractive and ecologically sound alternative for providing benefit to the plants. Therefore semi or full organic farming system is the best choice for developing sustainable agriculture. This research aimed to support for the sustainability of organic biofertiliser technology programme in Indonesia, to establish mentoring and coaching programs and to promote introducing, training and application of organic biofertiliser (OB). The final purpose of this research was to synergize with farmer community and local government to adopt and implement the OB technology and commercialising OB product. In this report we have presented the development of OB-Beyonic LIPI formula and its production from the laboratory scale to community levels, its application and impact on crops yields in remote districts of Indonesia. In this process, several thousands of farmers were successfully trained to implement our strategies in application of OB in their fields. The results showed an increase in yields at about 20 to 30 % of many commodities of crops when tested and evaluated compared to conventional one, though with 50 % reduction of synthetic inorganic agrochemicals or even pure orgaic farming. Due to our successful adaptation strategies of implementing OB-Beyonic LIPI technology, we have achieved in transferring this technology to various farmers in several districts and to some private companies in Indonesia.
Keywords: Commercialisation, Indonesia, PGPR, sustainable agriculture, transfer technology
Contact Address: Sarjiya Antonius, Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong, Indonesia, e-mail: sarj.antoniusgmail.com