A Mixed-Method Systematic Review to Assess Household Characteristics and Livelihoods in Rural Zimbabwe
Grace Mudombi-Rusinamhodzi1, Andreas Thiel1, George Owuor2
1University of Kassel, International Agricultural Policy and Environmental Governance, Germany
Livelihood activities that are dependent on natural resources form a continuum of people-forest interactions. They often constitute multifaceted livelihood strategies consisting of various intertwined components that strive to balance livelihood activities and forest resources conservation. Livelihood strategies are linked to social relations, habits, norms, customs and beliefs, and code of forest practice. Hence, households' decisions on forest resources use are influenced by a more complex set of factors with implications on rural livelihoods and the level of motivation for conservation of forest resources. Productive bricolage thus offers an approach to examine role of non-timber forest products (NTFPs) in rural livelihoods, everyday decisions on natural resource use and forest resource changes in an integrated manner. Productive bricolage gives insight into the drivers of changes in forest resources and the constraints and opportunities that determine people's choices regarding forest resource use. This perspective would improve understanding of how NTFPs production interacts with other livelihood strategies of producers, how important NTFPs production is to their rural households and whether NTFPs production has the potential to incentivize forest resources conservation.
Keywords: Conservation, forest resources, livelihood activities, meta-synthesis, productive bricolage
Contact Address: Grace Mudombi-Rusinamhodzi, University of Kassel, International Agricultural Policy and Environmental Governance, Steinstrasse 19, 37213 Witzenhausen, Germany, e-mail: mudombigraceyahoo.com