Life Cycle Thinking in Governance: The Case Study of Bioplastic Production in Thailand
Jan Janosch Förster, Neus Escobar
University of Bonn, Center for Development Studies (ZEF), Germany
Bioeconomy is presented as a viable alternative to our fossil based economy, by switching to renewable biological resources in a wide range of economic sectors. It promotes the use of biomass not only for food, feed and energy purposes, but also for production of different bio-based materials, e.g bio-polymers. Besides the development of new conversion technologies, this will require the mobilisation of increasing amounts of biomass, triggering necessary adjustments along supply chains. A large number of actors can potentially be involved, from the stages of biomass production, extraction, processing and manufacturing up until a final product or service is created. Hence, institutional and regulatory frameworks, as well as policy and legal structures, have to be in place and enforced for the new products to deliver overall sustainability gains. A comprehensive analysis of the governance mechanisms and processes anticipated to govern emerging value chains is needed to reduce resulting systemic complexities and uncertainties.
Keywords: Bioeconomy, bioplastics, governance, life cycle analysis, supply chain governance, sustainability
Contact Address: Neus Escobar, University of Bonn, Center for Development Research (ZEF) - Inst. for Food and Resource Economics (ILR), Nussalle 21, 53115 Bonn, Germany, e-mail: neus.escobarilr.uni-bonn.de