FOSEZA - Food Security in Rural Zambia: Integrating Traditional Fruit and Vegetable Crops in Smallholder Agroforestry Systems
Etti Winter1, Hartmut Stützel2, Johannes Hadersdorfer3
1Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade, Germany
The FOSEZA project addresses the extreme malnutrition observed in the northern regions of Zambia. The project is going to develop sustainable diets through diversifying the farming system currently dominated by cassava and maize and characterised by significant nitrogen deficiencies. Target crops for diversification are traditional fruit trees and vegetables, such as Masuku (Uapaca kirkiana), Intungulu (Aframomum africanum), Wild Orange (Citrus sinensis), Bambara nut (Vigna subterranea), African eggplant (Solanum aethiopicum) and Amaranth (Amaranthus sp.). It will also be tested if the designed agroforestry system can be combined with small scale fish farming and insect production to increase protein availability. Fish farming is particularly suited for the wetland regions in Zambia; however, current productivity is quite low and the entire production chain needs to be considered to improve the system. The designed farming system will be implemented in a remote village by considering the linkages to input markets and extension services. We look at food security from a gender and community perspective. Developed participatory education tools, agricultural demonstration fields, as well as a community managed tree nursery are aiming to disseminate the knowledge necessary to improving nutrition quality and food distribution within households.
Keywords: Agricultural diversification, food sovereignty, integrated agroforestry-fish farming, nutrition quality, participatory action research
Contact Address: Etti Winter, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute for Environmental Economics and World Trade, Königsworther Platz 1, Hannover, Germany, e-mail: winteriuw.uni-hannover.de