Regional Pasture Network: Knowledge Management and Experience Sharing in Central Asia, China and Mongolia
Gulbahar Abdurasulova1, Sarah Robinson2, Albina Muzafarova1
1Regional Pasture Network, Kyrgyzstan
Sustainable management of pastures is linked to the ecological and socio-economic stability of Central Asian countries, especially under changing climatic conditions. In the last twenty years, the governance of pasturelands in Central and Inner Asia has transitioned from state-led pasture management to a variety of new tenure systems ranging from private to common property regimes. Although the political context in each country is different, the issues which they face are remarkably similar and include the reconciliation of aims such as wealth creation, provision of access to poorer users, and environmentally sustainable management. Reform processes are constantly evolving - Kyrgyzstan, China, and Tajikistan have implemented various forms of pasture-specific land tenure reform and are still evaluating the results; Turkmenistan and Kazakhstan are in the process of pasture-specific reforms; Uzbekistan and Mongolia have reformed general land codes and pasture-specific reforms are currently under consideration. These developments have resulted in the accumulation of a vast body of experience and knowledge; the potential benefits of experience sharing have never been greater.
Keywords: Central Asia, knowledge management, network, pasture management
Contact Address: Gulbahar Abdurasulova, Regional Pasture Network, 22, Erkindik Blvd., 720040 Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan, e-mail: gulbaharposteo.de