Participatory Multi-Environmental Trials (MET) Identified Promising Durum Wheat Landraces in Northern Ethiopia
Dejene Kassahun Mengistu1, Afework Y. Kiros1, Jemal N. Mohammed1, Carlo Fadda2
1Mekelle University, Dept. of Dryland Crop and Horticultural Sciences, Ethiopia
Participation of farmers in research process from early stage has been gaining ground in breeding research. Participant farmers can provide very valuable scientific evaluation of genotypes that can be used for effective discrimination of useful varieties easily adopted by similar farmers. Participatory varietal selection (PVS) is a powerful tool in identifying crops varieties with high acceptance probability in marginal environments because participant farmers evaluate the genotypes not only from yield perspective but also from stress tolerance perspective. Here we present a participatory MET conducted in four locations to select durum wheat landraces for larger scale production in the areas. In all four locations, 36 genotypes (31 landraces plus 5 improved varieties) were tested for two cropping seasons and evaluated by both researchers and farmers groups. In each location, a total of 30 farmers (15 female and 15 male) and five breeders critically evaluated the each variety for earliness, spike quality, drought tolerance and overall performance on scale of 1 to 5, traits defined by the farmers themselves. 1 stands for bad and 5 for excellent performance. Researchers have collected data for three phenological traits and seven agronomic traits and analysis was conducted to see preference matching between researcher data and farmers score data.
Keywords: Ethiopia, landraces, multi-location trial, participatory, promising
Contact Address: Dejene Kassahun Mengistu, Mekelle University, Dept. of Dryland Crop and Horticultural Sciences, Main campus, airport road, 251 Mekelle, Ethiopia, e-mail: dejenekmhgmail.com