Water Conservation Program and Practice in Irrigated Agriculture in Iran: A Case Study of Lake Urmia Basin
Asna Ashari Farah
Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB), Institute of Development Research and Development Policy , Germany
Human and environmental demand for water resources across Iran are increasing while the water shortage in this semi-arid country is a serious problem. As agriculture is the main water user of all sectors (agriculture, industry and municipal supply), expanding efficient irrigation systems is a challenge for policy makers in Iran. Some parts of water shortage in traditional irrigation systems are due to lack of water conservation methods. The importance of farmers' roles as the main stakeholders in managing water resources cannot be exaggerated. This increases the pressure on farmers to use water as efficiently as possible.
Keywords: Agriculture, irrigation, sustainability, water conservation
Contact Address: Asna Ashari Farah, Ruhr-Universität Bochum (RUB), Institute of Development Research and Development Policy , Universitätsstr. 150 Gb 1 / 154, 44801 Bochum, Germany, e-mail: farah.asnaasharirub.de