Sustainable Fisheries Management in Burkina Faso, West Africa
Andreas Melcher1, Raymond Ouedraogo2, Jan Sendzimir3
1University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Dept. of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, Austria
A number of challenges, including climate change and population growth, threaten the fair and sustainable availability of water and fisheries. In response to threats of chronic water scarcity and episodes of severe drought, since 1950 hundreds of reservoirs were created to provide a dispersed network of water storage facilities throughout Burkina Faso. As fisheries, these reservoirs also became important new sources of food. However, pressures of overfishing, intensive agriculture and sedimentation threaten the services (fish, water quality) these reservoirs provide. To establish sustainable management of natural and man-made aquatic systems, Burkina Faso requires methods and tools for the standardised assessment of water and river health as well as the environmental impacts on riverside society. However, inland fisheries production has plateaued at the same time that quality (size) of fish has dramatically declined, thereby limiting the fecundity and productive potential of the fishery.
Keywords: Biodiversity, Fish, freshwater, Human Impacts
Contact Address: Andreas Melcher, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Dept. of Water, Atmosphere and Environment, Max Emanuel Strasse 17, 1180 Vienna, Austria, e-mail: andreas.melcherboku.ac.at