The Spread of East Cost Fever in South Sudan - Results of a Baseline Study
Sylvester Okoth1, Nicoletta Buono2, Tinega Ong'ondi1, Cornelia Heine1
1Vétérinaires sans Frontières Germany, Germany
East Coast Fever (ECF) is of the most important livestock diseases in Africa caused by the protozooan parasite Theileria parva. Although formerly prevalent in Central, Eastern and Western Equatorial states only, ECF has been spreading to other states after the Peace Agreement, with resulting high mortalities/morbidities. In recognition of the high importance of cattle ownership in South Sudan, both economically and socially, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) funded a study to investigate the epidemiology of the recent ECF spread in the states of Lakes States, Jonglei State, Western and Eastern Equatoria State. Data collection was based on literature review, interviews and sample collection for laboratory diagnosis, based on a two stage herd level sampling, with a sample size of 5% per herd, and consisted of an analysis of disease morbidity, herd movements, vector distribution and and the level of vector infection with Theileria parva. Non-migrant calf samples were used as controls.
Keywords: East coast fever, migration, pastoralism, ticks
Contact Address: Cornelia Heine, Vétérinaires Sans Frontières Germany / Tierärzte Ohne Grenzen e.V., Marienstr. 19/20, 10117 Berlin, Germany, e-mail: cornelia.heinetogev.de