Rubber Intercropping Adoption of Smallholders in Xishuangbanna, China
Shi Min1, Hermann Waibel1, Jikun Huang2
1Leibniz Universität Hannover, Inst. of Development and Agricultural Economics, Germany
Driven by the relative high profits of rubber farming, smallholders in Xishuangbanna have experienced widespread and dramatic land use changes mainly through the conversion of the traditional crops e.g. maize, rice and rainforest areas to rubber plantations in past 30 years. The adoption of rubber cultivation has not only resulted in profound changes in the landscape but also triggered higher climatic and economic risks. Since the period before rubber can be harvested is around seven years, intercropping can be an effective strategy to generate additional income and contribute to household food security. Intercropping can also contribute to more efficient use of resources like labour, land and other natural resources. In addition, compared to monoculture, intercropping farming in mountain area normally has positive effects for soil conservation and agro-biodiversity.
Keywords: China, intercropping, rubber, Xishuangbanna
Contact Address: Shi Min, Leibniz Universität Hannover, Institute of Development and Agricultural Economics, Königsworther Platz 1, Hannover, Germany, e-mail: minifgb.uni-hannover.de