The Feeding Component in Rural and Peri-Urban Smallholder Pig Systems in Uganda
Danilo Pezo1, Emily Ouma1, Michel Dione1, Ben Lukuyu2, Natalie Carter3,1, Kristina Roesel4
1International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Animal Sciences for Sustainable Productivity, Uganda
In the last 30 years, Uganda has had a massive growth in pig population, from 190,000 in the late 90's to 3.2 million pigs in 2008, and currently has the highest per capita consumption of pork in East Africa (3.4 kg/year). The majority of Uganda's pig farmers are smallholders (1.2 million households raise pigs), practicing low input/ low output systems. In the three districts of Kamuli, Masaka and Mukono, where the study was carried out, results of focus group discussions conducted in 35 villages showed that regardless of the setting, whether rural or peri-urban, the smallholder pig production systems are typical crop-livestock system, with high dependence on crop residues, i.e. sweet potato vines, cassava leaves, yam leaves, and Amaranth spp. for pig feeding. However, the relative contribution of those crop residues is strongly affected by rainfall seasonality, which in turn influences crop production. The bulk (>95%) of crop residues used for feeding pigs is produced on farm. Trading of crop residues is minimal hence comprising only <2% hence they can be obtained from farms for free. Women and children are mostly responsible for pig feeding and management, as well as for collecting crop residues for pigs (85.8 and 78.6% of farms in rural and peri-urban settings, respectively).
Keywords: Concentrates, crop residues, forages, gender, kitchen leftovers, pigs, smallholders, Uganda
Contact Address: Danilo Pezo, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Animal Sciences for Sustainable Productivity, c/o Bioversity International, Plot 106 Katalima Road, Nakagwa, Kampala, Uganda, e-mail: d.pezocgiar.org