An Analysis of Dissemination of Livestock Feed Technology: The Case of Bihar an Eastern Indian State
Dhiraj Kumar Singh1, Braja Swain1, Nils Teufel2
1International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), India
Despite dairying in Bihar being a major income source for small and marginal farmers, livestock productivity is low compared to other states in northern India, mainly due to inefficient feeding practices (e.g. concentrate components are traditionally fed separately) and the limited quality of available commercial concentrates. For these, ILRI's laboratory analysis indicates quality limitations especially in regard to metabolizable energy and digestibility. In this context, a balanced compound feed has been formulated, based on locally available components and nutritionally superior to the commercial concentrates available in local markets. It consists of 37% crushed cereal grains, 30% cereal brans, 20% oil cakes, 10% pulse husks and some minerals. The technology was introduced to farmers through various training modules, group discussions and trials in 2011. Initially, 400 dairy farmers from Samastipur district (Bihar), selected for its milk production and marketing potential, were trained in the preparation of the new balanced compound feed, followed by two-month farmer trials.
Keywords: Bihar, dissemination, feed technology, livestock
Contact Address: Dhiraj Kumar Singh, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), 904, 9th Floor, Aggarwal Corporate Tower, 23 Rajendra Place, 110008 New Delhi, India, e-mail: d.singhcgiar.org