Agriculture and Agricultural Research in the Rural-Urban Continuum
International Potato Center (CIP), Global Program, Social and Health Sciences, Peru
The presentation discusses the way most agricultural researchers are urban-bred or at least urban based and we have a tendency to mythologize the rural character of small-scale agriculture and the low-income rural households at whom our research is aimed. The rural-urban divide we set up has its roots in history, colonial politics and development thinking and practice and brief examples are provided of these divisions. This is contrasted with the opposite tendency in the livelihoods of many urban and rural families in the developing world, especially with structural adjustment during the 1980s and globalisation since the 1990s. For them rural and urban are points on a continuum of opportunity and struggle. This includes rural agricultural households seeking non-agricultural rural income sources to supplement their livelihoods, temporary migration, co-management of rural and urban plots and multi-locational households.
Keywords: Health effects, low-income households, social and gender dynamics, urban food markets
Contact Address: Gordon Prain, International Potato Center (CIP), Global Program, Social and Health Sciences, Av. La Molina 1895, Lima, Peru, e-mail: g.praincgiar.org