Mass-Trapping of the Xylophagous Moth Species, Zeuzera pyrina by UV-Light-Pheromone Sticky Trap
Esmat Hegazi1, Wedad E. Khafagi2, Fredrik Schlyter3, M.A. Konstantopoulou4, A. Atwa Atwa5, Essam Agamy6
1Alexanadria University, Dept. of Entomology, Egypt
The leopard moth, Zeuzera pyrina L. (ZP) (Lepidoptera: Cossidae), is a xylophagous species that has become a serious pest in the olive orchards in Egypt. It attacks a variety of trees and shrubs. More than 150 plant species of up to 20 taxonomic genera, such as apple, pear, plum, olive, apricot, chestnut, and vines, are attacked. Current control practices include either manual killing of larvae inside their galleries, which is time-consuming, labor-intensive and therefore costly procedure, or wide-spectrum insecticide applications against adults. Both chemical and biological control have scored poorly against this pest and additional methods are needed. A simple, durable, but efficient UV-light sticky trap (“Hegazi model”) was devised. The binary blend of the pheromone components, (E,Z)-2,13-octadecenyl acetate and (E,Z)-3,13-octadecenyl acetate (95:5) was combined with the light trap for ZP mass trapping. Combination of light and sex pheromone was optimally attractive to ZP population in olive orchards. Greater reduction in total counts of active galleries was observed in mass-trapping plot compared with those recorded in the control field, where chemical sprays and manual killing were performed. In mass-trapping plot, the seasonal captures and active galleries diminished from one year to the next which may indicate the effectiveness of the method. The study strongly recommends the use of mass-trapping method instead of pesticides against the ZP moths, not only to control them but also to mass-trapping in the same time other olive pests, e.g., the olive (Prays oleae Bern) and jasmine (Palpita unionalis Hub.) moths. Yield from trees in mass-trapping field was significantly increased in comparison to control trees.
Keywords: Leopard moth, light trap, mass trapping, sex pheromone
Contact Address: Esmat Hegazi, Alexanadria University, Dept. of Entomology, 21545 Alexandria, Egypt, e-mail: eshegazihotmail.com