Potential of Selected Plants as IPM Components against Leptocybe invasa
Kenneth Odhiambo1, Fredrick Wanjala2, Battan Khaemba2
1University of Kabianga, Agroforestry and Rural Development, Kenya
This study was done to evaluate three herbaceous plants (Leonotis nepetifolia, Schkuria pinnata and Tagetes erecta) for their use in cultural control of Leptocybe invasa Fisher & La Salle (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae), a gall wasp that attacks eucalypts in western Kenya. Fifty cages were set in a completely randomised design within a greenhouse with each cage enclosing potted healthy E. saligna seedlings either with each one of the test plants or alone. The caged seedlings were infested with L. invasa insects then the set up was monitored for five months. Height (Ht) and root collar diameter (RCD) growth of E. saligna were measured weekly for five months while number of galls on leaf mid-rib, petioles and stems of the seedlings were recorded for three months from the onset of gall induction. Data were subjected to ANOVA and means separated by LSD using STATGRAPHICS Plus. Mean number of galls on leaf mid-rib, petioles and twigs were, respectively: enclosed alone, 11 ± 1, 5 ± 1, 3 ± 0.5 (p < 0.05); enclosed with L. nepetifolia, 10 ± 1, 4 ± 0.5 and 2 ± 0.4 (p < 0.05); enclosed with S. pinnata, 7 ± 0.4, 3 ± 0.3 and 2 ± 0.5 (p < 0.05); and enclosed with T. erecta, 4 ± 0.3, 2 ± 0.2 and 2 ± 0.1 (p < 0.05). The respective mean height (Ht) and root collar diameter (RCD) growth of E. saligna seedlings after week twenty (20) were: E. saligna with L. nepetifolia (Ht: 126 ± 4; RCD: 2.7 ± 0.1); E. saligna with S. pinnata (Ht: 124 ± 1; RCD: 4.3 ± 0.1); E. saligna with T. erecta (Ht: 56 ± 2; RCD: 3.7 ± 0); E. saligna that were enclosed alone (Ht: 85 ± 2; RCD: 26 ± 0); and control E. saligna seedlings (Ht: 140 ± 1; RCD: 5.0 ± 0.1). Pest control by each of the plants was as follows: T. eracta (58 %); S. pinnata (37 %); and L. nepetifolia (16%). Recommendations on control of L. invasa have been made.
Keywords: Leonotis nepetifolia, Leptocybe invasa, Schkuria pinnata, Tagetes erecta
Contact Address: Kenneth Odhiambo, University of Kabianga, Agroforestry and Rural Development, Kabianga, Kericho, Kenya, e-mail: opiken2002yahoo.com