Smallholder Farming in Kenya: An Evaluation of Livelihood Dynamics
University of Heidelberg, Dept. of Geography, Germany
The rural population of semi-arid lands in Kenya face multiple challenges that result from population growth, poor markets, land use and climatic changes. In particular, subsistence oriented farmers face various risks and opportunities in their attempt to secure their livelihoods. In light of recent calls for more effort on understanding livelihood dynamics this paper contributes to comprehend long-term change and poverty dynamics with an inter- and intra-household comparison over the last fifteen years. A longitudinal livelihood survey was conducted in Laikipia County, Kenya, based on standardised questionnaires and semi-open questions with 150 smallholder households in 1997 and 2013. A participatory well-being index was developed and livelihood portfolios compared.
Keywords: Kenya, Laikipia, livelihood, longitudinal, rural development, smallholders
Contact Address: Anne Ulrich, University of Heidelberg, Dept. of Geography, Heidelberg, Germany, e-mail: ulrichsai.uni-heidelberg.de