Technical Efficiency of Smallholder Horticultural Farmers in Ghana
University of Ghana, Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research, Isser, Ghana
Rapid growth in the trade of high-value commodities has resulted in significant growth in many developing countries including Ghana. Trade in high-value agricultural products are displacing exports of traditional commodities. In Ghana, crops such as pineapples, mangoes and vegetables have become promising options to diversify from the traditional export base comprising of cocoa, timber and gold. While market access remains important, Ghana's major handicap is her inability to sustain export growth on the open market. The causes of these could be attributed to inefficiency, lack of competitiveness and supply side constraints. Even though horticultural exports have grown dramatically over the last decade, these have yet to fulfil their potential. Horticultural production can significantly contribute towards increasing the incomes of smallholder farmers, expanding employment opportunities, enhancing rural development and an important source of foreign exchange earnings. It also raises the demand for labour in rural areas therefore reducing the incidence of rural-urban migration. This study examines the factors that affect technical efficiency of smallholder horticultural farmers in Ghana.
Keywords: Horticulture, production risks, smallholder farmers, technical efficiency
Contact Address: Freda Asem, University of Ghana, Institute of Statistical, Social and Economic Research, Isser, P.O. Box Lg74, Legon, Ghana, e-mail: feasemgmail.com