Tropentag, September 17 - 19, 2013 in Stuttgart-Hohenheim
"Agricultural development within the rural-urban continuum"
Tracing Soil Organic Carbon Relocations in a Mixed Land-Use Agricultural Catchment in Northwest Vietnam
Christian Brandt1, Frank Rasche1, Thomas Hilger1, Lam Thanh Nguyen2, Tran Duc Vien2, Georg Cadisch1
1University of Hohenheim, Inst. of Plant Production and Agroecology in the Tropics and Subtropics, Germany
2Hanoi University of Agriculture, Center for Agricultural Research and Environmental Studies (CARES), Vietnam
Soil relocation (losses/deposition) processes at watershed scale are the key to understand the spatial fate and behaviour of soil organic carbon (SOC), a determinant for soil fertility and regional carbon balance and budget. It is essential to study dynamics of SOC movement and to precisely trace sources of SOC in upland areas at watershed level to adjust existing upland farming systems to more sustainable land use systems.
The primary objective of this study is to test the applicability of a compound-specific stable-isotope (CSSI) approach and CSSI-based mixing models to identify and trace SOC source-and-sink relations in the Chieng Khoi watershed, Son La Province, Vietnam, where severe and accelerated land degradation and soil erosion is currently occurring.
The CSSI approach uses differences in the natural abundance signatures of plant-specific carbonaceous compounds (δ13C) which emerge due to the different photosynthetic fixation pathways, genetic and environmental factors. The compounds of choice to be used as markers are long-chain length fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) originating in upland soils including a range of different crops, as well as natural and secondary forests. These CSSI-biomarkers were traced in the lowland soils (i.e. sediment deposition areas, lake sediments) to estimate the dynamics of landscape SOC stocks at watershed level and to assess how land use intensification has changed the spatial and temporal distribution of respective C from uplands to lowlands.
Results have shown that different land uses show different δ13C signatures for identical FAMEs and multi comparison procedures have revealed that a variety of FAME marker with significant discriminatory power exists to describe distinct isotopic fingerprint profiles in source soils for selected sub watersheds. Therefore it was possible to trace the sources of lowland sediments, which improves the understanding of soil erosion and will help to adapt cropping systems which are prone to erosion and thus nutrient losses.
Keywords: Erosion, soil organic carbon, stable isotopes, Vietnam
Contact Address: Christian Brandt, University of Hohenheim, Inst. of Plant Production and Agroecology in the Tropics and Subtropics, Stuttgart, Germany, e-mail: christian.brandtymail.com