Developing Community Forestry Management Strategies for Multiple Ecosystem Services and Benefits in the Mid-Hills, Nepal
Sita Aryal1, Bishnu Hari Pandit2, Manfred J. Lexer1
1University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Dept. of Forest and Soil Sciences, Institute of Silviculture, Austria
The concept of community forestry (CF) in Nepal is to improve forest conditions, and to increase forest products and livelihood promotion through stakeholder participation. The community forest user group (CFUG) as a local institution is responsible to develop and implement the community forest management plan with technical support from the District Forest Office (DFO). So far within the community forest programme much emphasis has been placed on social processes and participation of various social and ethnic groups with the CFUG. Identification of production potentials regarding to timber and non-timber products as well as a variety of ecosystem services, the specification of management goals as well as sound silvicultural tools to achieve such goals have not yet received so much attention. As a consequence developed plans may not be technically sound and not fully implemented due to lack of technical know how regarding silvicultural operations and insufficient planning procedures. Addressing these issues the aim of the current research was to assess the currently practised operational forest management in specific forest areas and to propose management alternatives where deemed necessary. In this contribution we use Taldanda CF in the mid-hill region of Nepal as example to highlight major issues and to demonstrate potential alternatives to improve the utilisation of forest resources to the benefit of the CFUG.
Keywords: Community forest, criteria and indicators, input-output analysis, management strategy, Nepal
Contact Address: Sita Aryal, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Dept. of Forest and Soil Sciences, Institute of Silviculture, 1190 Vienna, Austria, e-mail: siaryalgmail.com