Logo Tropentag

Tropentag, September 17 - 19, 2013 in Stuttgart-Hohenheim

"Agricultural development within the rural-urban continuum"

Rural Trees Species for Rural Development in Sudan

Hanadi Mohamed Shawgi Gamal1,2, Abdel Azim Yassin Abdelgadir2

1Technische Universität Dresden, Inst. of Forest Utilisation and Forest Technology, Germany
2University of Khartoum, Dept. of Forest Products and Industries, Sudan


The vast majority of Sudan forests are situated in poor rural areas; nevertheless rural populations are not benefiting much from them. Despite the great diversity of tree species in Sudan, the utilisation of wood resources is traditionally concentrated on a few species only. Most of the indigenous hardwood tree species in Sudan are used as charcoal, firewood and fuel wood due to the lack of information on their properties. There is an urgent need to study the wood properties of the local raw material in order to suggest alternative uses. This would not only reduce wood imports, but also promote rural development, alleviate poverty and improve livelihoods of local communities.

The present study investigated the wood fiber characteristics of different tree species growing in rural areas of the woodland savannah of Sudan. Wood materials from thirty-two hardwood species belonging to eighteen families, collected from southern Kordofan and Sennar states were used for this purpose. Several fiber characteristics were investigated such as: length, diameter, lumen diameter and double wall thickness.

The results revealed that the wood fiber characteristics of several of the selected species (for example Adansonia digitata, Ceiba pentandra, Sterculia setigera and Ficus sycomorus) qualify for advanced industrial utilisations like pulp, paper and fiber board. The results of this study could enhance the establishment of wood processing industries in the rural areas of Sudan.

Keywords: Fiber characteristics, forests based industries, rural areas, Sudan

Contact Address: Hanadi Mohamed Shawgi Gamal, Technische Universität Dresden, Inst. of Forest Utilisation and Forest Technology, Gerokstrasse32/0703, Dresden, Germany, e-mail: hanadishawgi1979@yahoo.com

Valid HTML 3.2!