Urbanisation, Crop-Livestock Intensification and Rural Development: The Case Study of South Asia
Braja Swain, Nils Teufel
International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), Kenya
Urbanisation in South Asia has been gaining momentum over the recent years through rapid changes in economic activities and migration from rural areas to urban centres. UN projections suggest the world's urban population will grow by more than a billion people between 2010 and 2025, while the rural population will remain stable. This will increase the population share not producing food and may increase food prices putting pressure on the livelihoods of rural as well urban poor if total food production does not continue to grow. On other hand, urbanisation through the accompanying income growth is increasing the demand for high-value products such as fruits, vegetables, milk, meat and fish. In addition, increasing demand for labour from other sectors has also led to higher wages in the primary sector. This calls for urgent attention to examine the sustainability of the primary sector in South Asia, where poverty remains widespread and rural livelihoods dominate. This paper would like to study the role of crop-livestock farming systems in a changing economic space and the livelihood impacts of these changes. We have selected three sites (two from India and one from Bangladesh) based on their farming intensification level (high, medium and low) as examples.
Keywords: Crop-Livestock, intensification, small farmers, South Asia, urbanisation
Contact Address: Braja Swain, International Livestock Research Institute (ILRI), PLE, 9th floor, Aggarwal Corporate Tower, 23 Rajendra Place, 110008 New Delhi, India, e-mail: brajacdsgmail.com