Economic Valuation of Access to Natural Resources in three South Caucasus National Park Areas
Jan Barkmann, Talin Katalas, Stefan Schwarze, Johanna Schott, Rainer Marggraf
Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Germany
Because of its exceptional conservation value, the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) initiated a multi-year programme on "transboundary" national parks (NP) in the South Caucasus (Armenia/AR, Georgia/GE, Azerbaijan/AZ). Sheep and cattle herding on high altitude summer pastures is one of the most important income sources pressuring NPs and their buffer zones. In an interdisciplinary project on integrated conservation planning in the region, we conducted two twinned, transboundary case studies (Lake Arpi/AR-Javakheti/GE and Zaqatala/AZ-Lagodekhi/GE). Here we report on small famer preferences in Lake Arpi, Javakheti and Lagodekhi for access to natural resources in and around the NPs as well as for training measures for income alternatives. Following qualitative interviews (n=31) and a quantitative pilot study (n=120) a choice experiment (CE) was administered (n=3*100; clustered random sample). The CE was overall highly significant (P(chi2, 9 df)<0.0001).
Keywords: Buffer zone management, conservation planning, economic valuation, transboundary national parks
Contact Address: Jan Barkmann, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Dept. of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, Platz der Göttinger Sieben 5, D-37073 Göttingen, Germany, e-mail: jbarkmagwdg.de