Tropentag 2018:

Global food security and food safety: The role of universities

September 17 - 19, 2018,
organised by
Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium


Tropentag 2018 Workshops


Additionally to the conference programme you have the possibility to attend several pre- and post-conference workshops. Below you will find short descriptions as well as details on time and date of the workshops.
If you are interested in participating in one of those workshops, please contact the workshop organisers respectively. You find the particular contact details together with the description. Please do mention `Tropentag' in the email subject line


Sunday workshops (workshop 1 - 7)
Monday workshops (workshop 8 - 16)
Wednesday workshops (workshop 17 - 23)

Sunday PM workshops


 

Organiser: Ingrid Leemans, International Foundation for Science (IFS)
Contact: ingrid.leemans(at)ifs.se

Date: Sunday, 16/09/2018, 14:00 – 17:00 h

Description:
  1. Introduction to the IFS research grant application and peer review process
  2. How to develop a winning research proposal. Elements that will be covered are:
    • planning process
    • from idea to research application
    • components of a winning proposal
    • the most common mistakes and shortcomings
The IFS application form and guidelines will be used as training materials. Proposal writing situations will be simulated by the resource persons and the participants themselves (in the form of their own draft IFS applications prepared in advance of the workshop).
See also www.ifs.de

Main purpose of the workshop:
To give information about IFS and to build capacity in the development of research grant proposals.
 

 

Organiser: Myriam Perez, YPARD Director
Contact: myriam.perez(at)ypard.net

Date: Sunday, 16/09/2018, 14:00 – 17:00 h

Description:
Research and Innovation Hub
Scientific research is fundamentally about cooperation across borders. At a time when many parts of the world are divided in the lines of political ideas, we strongly believe that Young Professionals in Research are able to come together to cooperate, and co-construct making advancements in science and beyond.
Our ambition is to create a Research and Innovation Hub that will facilitate and make connexions between different “worlds” possible: Research, business, and Educational Institutions. The objective is to empower young researchers by facilitating linkages and transfer of knowledge with high level and experienced scientist, so that they can build the Research and action that will give answers to fight against inequalities and shape a better future for all.

Main purpose of the workshop:
This collective action requires an enabling innovation ecosystem and YPARD has a key role to play on this needed evolution. Ensuring the generational handover it is not just about “filling heads” and performing well on evaluations. During our workshop, we want to start building up the community that will make this Research and Innovation Hub operational.
 

 

Organiser: Silke Stöber, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Centre for Rural Development (SLE)
Contact: silke.stoeber(at)agrar.hu-berlin.de

Date: Sunday, 16/09/2018, 14:00 – 17:00 h

Description:
Farmers, particularly those depending on rainfed farming, are facing many challenges in adapting their farms and production to climate variability and change. For the 570 million small-scale farmers globally and in the tropical belt raising temperatures, increased unpredictability, unreliability and changing rainfall patterns as well as emerging pest and diseases pose many new risks to their agricultural production causing more often crop failure and harvest losses. On the other hand, there are a range of potential adaptation strategies in agriculture that farmers could pursue autonomously to adapt to climate change. Typical autonomous strategies are crop management strategies, such as diversifying the crop portfolio, trialing new varieties, biological pest control, land and water management practices, such as agroforestry, terracing, rainwater harvesting, or soil fertility management, like mulching crop residues, green manuring or integrated manure management. Adaptation beyond the field or the farm is concerned with upstream and downstream strategies such as cooperative input procurement or enhanced consumer-producer linkages through processing and direct marketing. Agrometeorological learning is another important strategy to increase adaptive capacities of farmers.

Main purpose of the workshop:
In this thematic workshop we seek to exchange experience how farmers develop climate resilience by experimental learning on their fields and with other farmer researchers and how they merge their experiences with academic knowledge. Climate field schools, on-farm adaptation trials and good practices are discussed. The debate is targeted to 'scientists in action' partnerships to systematically merge the two knowledge systems, the practical knowledge of farmers and scientific knowledge of researchers.
 

 

Organiser: Ingrid Fromm and Bastian Mengel, Bern University of Applied Sciences, School of Agricultural, Forest and Food Sciences (HAFL)
Contact: ingrid.fromm(at)bfh.ch

Date: Sunday, 16/09/2018, 14:00 – 17:00 h

Description:
The current world economy can offer farmers the opportunity to generate higher income for their livelihoods, if properly linked to local or international markets. Market access concerns virtually all farmers, from smallholder farmers to large production units, and is a strategy promoted by the development community to improve the incomes of farmers and reduce poverty and hunger in developing countries. Much has been published in the literature about what the “right” approaches in value chain promotion and improving market access are. However, in reality farmers may face unforeseen constrains. The purpose of this workshop is to provide examples from the field which highlight how theory and practice can go hand-in-hand and promote market access for small-scale farmers. After an introduction to the topic of value chains and market access, specific cases from the field will be presented. These examples will address:
  1. Market access for small-scale vegetable production – Example from Bolivia
  2. Livestock production – Example from North Africa
  3. Other (tbc, invited guest)

Main purpose of the workshop:
The purpose of the workshop is to come to a good understanding of the difficulties small-scale farmers in developing countries face when trying to access markets and to determine which opportunities they have to address these challenges.
 

 

Organiser: Maureen Duru, Director, The Food Bridge vzw in cooperation with the Platform for African–European Partnership in Agricultural Research for Development
Contact: info(at)thefoodbridge.org

Date: Sunday, 16/09/2018, 14:00 – 17:00 h

Description:
Food security in Africa ranks quite high in the list of development policies of many African governments, global agencies and donor countries. African entrepreneurs in the agriculture and food production sector in the continent are receiving support from global agencies, yet the relevance of the Africans in Diaspora in the agriculture and food sector in Africa, is given minimal attention.
African Diaspora entrepreneurs for years have supported the economic growth of their countries of origin through remittances and many now have (or are interested in) investments in the African agro food sector. Thus exploring how research can be useful to them and also linking them to European SMEs interested in doing business in Africa, will help usher in faster a sustainable food system and more economic development in the continent.
See also PAPEARD website

Main purpose of the workshop:
  • To present African diaspora input in the agro food sector
  • Explore how links to research and European SMEs can help leverage the challenges African Diaspora agro food entrepreneurs encounter
  • Outline opportunities for mutually beneficial collaborations.

 

Organiser: Marion Herens, Bram Peters, Kat Pittore, Wageningen Centre for Development Innovation
Contact: Katherine.pittore(at)wur.nl

Date: Sunday, 16/09/2018, 14:00 – 17:00 h

Description:
Inclusive and sustainable food systems should guarantee consumers availability of, equitable access to and efficient delivery of safe and healthy food. This requires interconnectedness between agro-food systems and other (health, education) systems. This requires active networking between multiple stakeholders, engaged in different parts of the food system. The objective of the study was to explore the role of platforms as mechanisms to support the scaling and anchoring of food system transformations for healthier diets. Network analysis was used to visualise relevant platforms, clustering organisations and identifying key connectors (multiple memberships).

Main purpose of the workshop:
To present findings, discuss the role of platforms for mainstreaming healthier diets, and challenge participants to practice network mapping
 

 

Organiser: Jean Hugé , KLIMOS Research Platform on Climate Change and Development Cooperation, Belgium
Contact: Jean.Huge(at)ulb.ac.be

Date: Sunday, 16/09/2018, 14:00 – 17:00 h

Description:
Policy-makers increasingly expect scientists to guide and inspire society in times of global change. However, the complexity of the challenges ahead, and the need for inter-disciplinary collaboration is not easy to address for scientists either. Fostering dialogue between policy-makers, scientists, civil society and partners in North and South is key. Building on the practical experience of a range of stakeholders working in a North-South context, this workshop aims to reflect on the realities of working on the science-policy interface in support of the Belgian development cooperation.

Main purpose of the workshop:
  • matching 'demand & supply' in the dialogue between policy makers and scientists;
  • reflecting on inter-disciplinarity in practice.
 

Monday AM workshops


 

Organiser: Florent Okry, Access Agriculture, Regional Office for West and Central Africa
Contact: florent(at)accessagriculture.org

Date: Monday, 17/09/2018, 09:00 – 12:00 h

Description:
Agricultural universities need to go beyond their role of knowledge generation. As support to outreach has dropped and the ratio extensionist to farmers has decreased to about 1/3000 in many African countries, training videos offer the possibility to train more farmers at less cost. By embedding farmer-to-farmer video in university curricula, new generations of researchers and extensionists are also more likely to open up to local innovations and farmer adaptation, both essential to food security. Various universities across the South have engaged in this process.

Main purpose of the workshop:
Share experiences on video-mediated rural learning and cover the basics of video production.
 

 

Organiser: Delia Grace, CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health, Flagship food safety
Contact: d.grace(at)cgiar.org

Date: Monday, 17/09/2018, 09:00 – 12:00 h

Description:
Evidence emerges from developing countries on the huge health and economic burden associated with foodborne diseases. By 2050 the world population is estimated to have grown to 9.8bn, two thirds will be living in cities. Food systems will transform but rural producers can benefit from these changes. Most of these foods are sold in informal markets, and their heterogeneity overwhelms decision-makers. But problems and management options can be prioritized, and research, development and private partners should invest in food safety. We will discuss with experts how food safety in developing countries potentially impacts public health in Europe, and why junior researchers should get involved now.

Main purpose of the workshop:
To show why foodborne diseases are an existential but solvable problem in the tropics and subtropics.
 

 

Organiser: Inge Brouwer, CGIAR Research Program on Agriculture for Nutrition and Health, Flagship Food Systems for Healthier Diets
Contact: inge.brouwer(at)wur.nl

Date: Monday, 17/09/2018, 09:00 – 12:00 h

Description:
Worldwide food systems are rapidly evolving driven by high population growth, rapid urbanization, income growth and climate change. These changes go along with transformations in the diet, agriculture and supply chain leading to multiple concerns around the sustainability of the food systems impacts related nutrition, health, environment, equity and income. It is increasingly recognized that there is a need to transform today’s food systems and that a simple ‘more-food’ approach is insufficient. Particular attention should be paid to nutrition and diet quality, the related environmental “footprint” of food production and distribution and the socio-economic imprints of supply chains. Starting from a nutrition perspective the A4NH Flagship research programme Food Systems for Healthier Diets aims to assess deviations from a healthy diet and to back cast into the food system to understand how to navigate food systems transformations to address dietary problems. The programme is implemented in four countries: Ethiopia and Nigeria in Africa, and Bangladesh and Vietnam in Asia.
Using the work done in Ethiopia and Nigeria so far, we will discuss with experts how assessment of food systems in relation to dietary gaps can feed into potential food system innovations, involving multiple stakeholders at national level.

Main purpose of the workshop:
To present food system and diets analysis and how this could inform further food system innovations in Ethiopia and Nigeria.
 

 

Organiser: Koen van Troos, Vétérinaires Sans Frontières Belgium
Contact: k.vantroos(at)vsf-belgium.org

Date: Monday, 17/09/2018, 10:00 – 12:00 h

Description:
Pastoralists fits within the theme of food security in two ways: (1) on the consumers’ side, by providing animal-based, high-quality foodstuffs that contribute directly to improving food security and nutrition mainly to urban populations; and (2) on the producers’ side, by creating income from selling high-value products, on which pastoralist households' food security depends. Pastoralism is also important for crop farming (indirect value), which is a key beneficiary of pastoralism, helping to raise crop productivity by providing manure, animals for draught and transport, etc. During the session the important values of pastoralism and the threats that pastoralists face will be discussed.
Panel discussion:
  • Prof. Dr Brigitte Kaufman, Apl. Professor for Social Ecology of Tropical and Subtropical Land-use Systems at the University of Hohenheim
  • Dr Ann Waters-Bayer, member of the Core Group of the Coalition of European Lobbies for Eastern African Pastoralism
  • Michael Odhiambo, Director at People, Land and Rural Development (PLRD) in Kenya
  • Antonia Braus, Desk Office for International Animal Health and Pastoralism at Vétérinaires Sans Frontières (VSF) Germany
More info is available in this flyer

Main purpose of the workshop:
The purpose of the workshop is to inform and raise awareness on the direct and indirect values of pastoralism. CELEP summarised them in a policy brief online https://goo.gl/X9HCaY.
 

 

Organiser: Jamie Males, Associate Editor, PLOS ONE
Contact: jmales(at)plos.org

Date: Monday, 17/09/2018, 09:00 – 12:00 h

Description:
The open science movement aims to increase the accessibility of research and data and to accelerate scientific discovery. Different research communities have their own unique requirements in working towards the goals of open science. In this workshop, we will discuss the value of open science initiatives- including pre-prints and data/code sharing- for stakeholders in sustainability and resource management research. We will identify specific needs for furthering open science in these areas and the ways researchers and publishers can work together to meet these through publishing initiatives and innovations in policy, technology, and community standards.
Main purpose of the workshop:
Identifying opportunities for open science solutions in sustainability and resource management research.
 

 

Organiser: Mari Bieri and Veronika Jorch, Thünen Institute of Climate-Smart Agriculture, Braunschweig, Germany
Contact: mari.bieri(at)thuenen.de

Date: Monday, 17/09/2018, 09:00 - 12:00

Description:
This session seeks to identify key success factors in the effective management of collaborative and interdisciplinary projects in the tropics. Our particular focus is in climate projects, where the investigated processes are typically highly complex, and where the more technical approaches need to be effectively integrated with other disciplines to produce solutions that respond to real needs of local land users. Particular challenges are related to effective communication between disciplines, management of data from various sources, and in particular facilitating the mutual interaction between researchers and local land-users/decision-makers.
If you are interested in contributing in the form of a brief keynote talk, please do contact us.

Main purpose of the workshop:
Identifying the key success factors and/ or best practices for effective management and local participation through keynote talks, followed by an interactive process with small group discussions. A summary draft of recommendations will be compiled in the end.
 

 

Organiser: Marc Corbeels, CIRAD/CIMMYT, Kenya and Eric Malézieux, CIRAD, France
Contact: marc.corbeels(at)cirad.fr

Date: Monday, 17/09/2018, 09:00 – 12:00 h

Description:
The question of land productivity (crop yields) is a central but controversial issue in the current global food security debate. Should and can we produce more on a global scale? In which regions, by means of which farming systems and which intensification pathways? To respond to these questions, the ‘Yield Gap’ concept has been widely used in the international scientific community. What are the advantages and disadvantages of this concept in the food security debate? Although the concept has been used most often for cereals (wheat, rice, maize in particular), it remains very little used for other crops (tubers, horticultural and fruit crops). Emphasis will be placed on tropical agriculture.

Main purpose of the workshop:
To formulate an evidence-based opinion on the need for increased crop productivity in the context of global food security.
For more info, please see the Agenda of this workshop
 

 

Organiser: Oliver Oliveros, Coordinator of the Thought for Food Initiative on behalf of Agropolis, Carasso and Cariplo foundations
Contact: oliveros(at)agropolis.fr

Date: Monday, 17/09/2018, 09:00 – 12:00 h

Description:
Despite the current agricultural production systems enabling enough food production increase to cover the needs of a growing population, they have also led to overexploitation of land and other natural resources, excessive chemical and water use, nutrient loading, pollution, erosion of biodiversity and have contributed to driving poor dietary intakes. Agricultural research and development appears to have been mainly focused on producing standardized varieties for higher yields rather than for improving nutritional quality.
A small number of energy-rich but nutrient-poor foods have increasingly displaced a wide diversity of foods. On the contrary acceptability to consumers of adding more plant-based foods in their diets is a challenge. At the same time, both in developed and developing countries, a small amount of animal products can improve the nutritional quality of diets. Nutritionists and increasingly the WHO and FAO are now promoting the need to diversify agro-ecosystems, in order to ensure that farming systems support more diverse healthier diets.
It is essential to better understand the dynamics and trajectories of existing systems, including the biophysical, ecological, cultural, social and political processes at play as well as the roles of their various stakeholders. It is likewise important to look at how to ensure that diversity is kept throughout the food chains as well as to study the links between diversity of production systems (including the use of traditional varieties) and the sustainability of food systems and diets.
Sustainable food processing has to be pursued. More eco-friendly food processing technologies and their contribution to healthy and sustainable diets should be promoted. The relative sustainability impacts of processing at different stages in the value chain and the role they can play in making those diets more accessible, economically viable and desirable to the consumers would need to be considered.

Main purpose of the workshop:
Find out during this workshop how interdisciplinary, multi-stakeholder projects are taking up the challenge of exploring innovative solutions that could help actors address food systems sustainability while encouraging new collaboration between different types of disciplines combining natural and social sciences.
Participants will also discuss emerging results and share lessons learned.
 

 

Organiser: Liesbeth Jacxsens, Carl Lachat and Pieter Spanoghe, Faculty of BioScience Engineering, Ghent University
Contact: liesbeth.jacxsens(at)ugent.be

Date: Monday, 17/09/2018, 11:00 – 12:00 h

Description:
In the South, development of sustainable food systems is challenged due to multiple reasons. Education and research in the South has been focused on increasing production of staples. However, food safety problems tend to occur during food handling i.e. storage, transport, consumption, post-contamination. Human capacity is needed to foster in evidence-based decision making develop and evaluate mitigation strategies for sustainable food systems. The workshop is as follows organized:
  1. Presentations demonstrating case studies on evidence-based decision making in food safety and food security
  2. Moderated discussions to define essential competencies for training

Main purpose of the workshop:
Identification and priority setting in essential competences to improve capacity building and evidence-based decision making as final outcome of the workshop.
 

Wednesday PM workshops


 

Organiser: Eduardo de la Peña and Hilke Evenepoel, Ghent University, Department of Biology and BOS+
Contact: eduardo.delapena(at)bosplus.be

Date: Wednesday, 19/09/2018, 14:30 – 17:30 h

Description:
The conservation of forest reserves and their associated biodiversity has been dominated during the last decades by the concept of ecosystem services. However, the global (scientific) community’s efforts to apply this ecosystem service framing together with local peoples, the stewards of our planet’s high biodiversity areas, are limited. Nevertheless, in some circles a new vision that emphasizes cultural and socio-economic aspects of nature management. This is the so called “forest for people” or “nature’s contribution to people” approach. This concept seems to be of particular interest in conservation and developmental studies and practice. In this workshop we will introduce this new approach and bring forward examples of different traditional as well as contemporary practices of management of forest-associated biodiversity in different ecosystems to illustrate the importance of this vision.
Potential outline:
  • Forest for people: intro, conceptual framework
  • Relevance of the concept in research, conservation and development
  • Study cases from different systems:
    • Rediscovering traditional management practices in dry forest (Ecuador and Peru)
      • Caesalpinia spinosa (Ecuador)
    • Forest conservation and use of Meliponids: Central and South America
    • Forest diversity and traditional use and management of underutilized fruit-crops or crop varieties
  • Questions and answers
Debate: Is biodiversity a driver for sustainable rural development?

Main purpose of the workshop:
In this workshop we will discuss about the relevance, opportunities and risks of this new vision. We will bring academics, researchers and members of non-governmental organizations and civil actors around the topic. The workshop will be an ideal forum to crystalize future actions both in (fundamental and applied) research and development
 

 

Organiser: Sieglinde Snapp and Vicki Morrone, Michigan State University, Center for Global Change and Earth Observations, Unites States of America
Contact: sorrone(at)anr.msu.edu

Date: Wednesday, 19/09/2018, 14:30 – 17:30 h

Description:
This workshop focuses on conceptual issues and practical examples of joint learning among farmers and researchers. Short presentations will be followed by a World-Café format to enhance engagement and conversations. Examples include variety development, legume-based production system diversification, farmer-managed seed, farmer-to-farmer video for integrated Striga management.
The workshop will be organised jointly by Sieglinde Snapp, Vicki Morrone, Paul van Mele, Florent Okry, Eva Weltzien, Fred Rattunde and Anja Christinck.

Main purpose of the workshop:
To generate discussion that stimulates long-term farmer-researcher collaboration.
 

 

Organiser: Jonas Claeys, Inagro vzw, Belgium
Contact: Jonas.claeys(at)inagro.be

Date: Wednesday, 19/09/2018, 14:30 – 17:30 h

Description:
Insects can be used as food source; today three insect species are registered as novel food in Belgium. Or we can use them as fish feed and in the near future even for chicken and pig feed in order to replace soy and fish meal. Also the industry has several technical and chemical applications for the many compounds found in insects.
The applied research at Inagro and his partners needs to reveal how we produce these huge quantities of insects: optimisation, upscaling and automatization of the (re)production, making the whole business more ecological, social and economically sustainable.

Main purpose of the workshop:
Presenting and promoting insect production research and future possibilities for entrepreneurship.
 

 

Organiser: Rosana Maria Kral, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences Vienna (BOKU Vienna), Centre for Development Research
Contact: rosana.kral(at)boku.ac.at

Date: Wednesday, 19/09/2018, 14:30 – 17:30 h

Description:
Alternative facts and fake news on one side, chronic information scarcity on the other side: communication is vital to science, be it research, education, public engagement or input into policy dialogue. This workshop is intended for everybody with an interest in communication, regardless of previous experience or field of work. Input will be provided in the form of examples of communication outputs from interdisciplinary research and teaching. There will be space for mutual exchange and learning, for brainstorming and discussing ideas.
 

 

Organiser: Margherita Gomarasca, Koen van Troos and Antonia Braus, Vétérinaires Sans Frontières (VSF) International
Contact: coordinator(at)vsf-international.org

Date: Wednesday, 19/09/2018, 14:30 – 17:30 h

Description:
The One Health concept has been implemented by Vétérinaires sans Frontièrs since their early beginnings. Understanding and taking advantage of the inextricable relationship between human and animal health and the surrounding environment is key in the implementation of development projects, in which many different disciplines like Veterinary Medicine, Human Medicine, Environmental and Social Sciences from the Public and Private Sector, international organizations and Academia collaborate for the purpose of a better health and eliminating poverty and hunger. For millions of people worldwide, livestock is a key asset that offers multiple benefits, providing them not only with animal source high-quality proteins and micronutrients, which are essential for growth and health, but also income, traction and fertilisation for crop productions, means for transport, economic security and often also social status. In some countries, small-scale family farmers produce up to 90% of the meat demand, with rearing systems based on traditional knowledge and which are adapted to the local ecosystem, hence playing a key role in national food security. However, smallholders’ food production face several challenges, such as: climate change (increased droughts, floods, storms, and adverse weather patterns); limited access to markets and services (including veterinary services); low productivity and quality of animal products due to poor animal health conditions; poor knowledge in hygiene practices, among others. As a result, food security, hence nutrition and food safety need to be addressed under a holistic approach. Vétérinaires sans Frontières aims to secure and improve the livelihoods of small-scale farmers through combined measures, and as a result from it, enhance the local availability from high quality, safe animal source foods, reaching out to indirect beneficiaries.
Structure of the Workshop:
  • Introduction (10-15 min)
Presentation of the VSF-International network, the specific context of countries and areas of intervention, and introduction of One Health concept in the broadest sense, as guiding principle for all the VSF activities in the field.
  • Panel (10-15 min each)
Cases Studies: VSF experiences in applying the One Health concept in the field with livestock-based communities.
  1. Challenges of One Health implementation in East Africa (Panellist from the African partners from CELEP) - To be confirmed -.
  2. Improving food security and safety by applying the One Health approach in the milk and meat value chain in Somaliland (VSF-Germany).
  3. Food Safety and food-borne diseases (VSF-Austria) - To be confirmed -.
  4. Nutrition-sensitive livestock based emergency interventions in Ethiopia (VSF-Suisse)
  5. One Health through the Proximity Animal Health Services in Niger (VSF-Belgium and Médecins du Monde).
  • Practical Part (20-30 min)
A small practical demonstration is also planned with the aim of showing and explaining a simple tool which livestock keepers can perform themselves, without the need of a laboratory, to control the quality of the milk, thus the health status of the udder. The California Mastitis Test (CMT), also known as Schalmtest, is a very practical animal-side indicator of the somatic cell count of milk, and so its quality. The test will be performed for the audience using different milk samples (physiological, low pH, high pH) while clarifying how this basic measure can have a great impact in milks quality standards. (VSF-Germany)
  • Questions and Answers - Conclusion

Main purpose of the workshop:
To inform about the implementation of the One Health Concept in the global South on tackling the issues of food security, food safety and nutrition in rural livestock-based communities, and in urban population that benefits from their food production.
This aim will be accomplished with a kick off presentation of the challenges and needs of the implementation of One health in field projects, followed by different projects case studies explaining how these challenges can be solved, carried by members of Vétérinaires sans Frontières. At the end, there will be time for Questions and Answers to the panellists and conclusions.
 

 

Organiser: Reinout Impens, SIAT Group Nigeria and Ghent University, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Dept. of Plant Production
Contact: Reinout.impens(at)siat-group.com

Date: Wednesday, 19/09/2018, 14:30 – 17:30 h

Description:
Tropical perennials cover a variety of commodities and production systems and have different characteristics in terms of management, economies of scale, trade and food security. Using oil palm as a model, this workshop explores the different aspects of perennial crop plantations and management and how they differ from crop to crop and between production types. Crop focus will be on oil palm, rubber (Hevea) and cocoa but others will be included as well. Management practices will mainly focus on planting (density and material), fertilization, upkeep and harvesting. In all cases, the comparison is made between large-scale plantations and smallholder systems. Potential and challenges for the future in terms of trade, development and food security will be discussed as well.

Main purpose of the workshop:
Introduce the audience to perennial production systems in the tropics by using oil palm as a model for plantation systems but more generally comparing main crops in terms of different economic, environmental and social parameters. Challenges and opportunities for the future will also be discussed.
 

 

Organiser: Mytox consortium, Ghent University, Geert Haesaert and Arnau Vidal Corominas
Contact: Geert.Haesaert(at)UGent.be

Date: Wednesday, 19/09/2018, 14:30 – 17:30 h

Description:
Mycotoxins are toxic secondary metabolites produced by fungi during infection process in the field or post-harvest during storage. Although they have a large worldwide presence in food and feed, they occur more frequently in areas with a hot and humid climate than in temperate zones. In terms of exposure and severity of chronic diseases, mycotoxins appear to pose a higher risk than anthropogenic contaminants such as pesticide residues, food additives, etc. Mycotoxins are mainly produced by Fusarium, Aspergillus and Penicillium species although other genera as Claviceps and Alternaria are also well-known as mycotoxin producers. Mycotoxins are a structurally and functionally diverse group. Therefore, detection of mycotoxins is still a challenge taking into account the different matrices and modified mycotoxins as a result of plant, fungal or animal metabolism. Only a limited number of detoxification methods are available; so, pre- and post-harvest prevention measures are the only effective method to control mycotoxin contamination.

Main purpose of the workshop:
The goal of the workshop is:
  1. To demonstrate some quick and accurate detection methods for most common mycotoxins as well as some mycotoxin exposure studies
  2. To demonstrate and illustrate isolation techniques and morphological characteristics of toxigenic fungal species
  3. To organize a debate on pre-harvest and post-harvest prevention measures in developing countries