Tropentag 2017:

Future Agriculture: Social-ecological transitions and bio-cultural shifts

September 20 - 22, 2017,
organised by the
University of Bonn and the Center for Development Research, Bonn, Germany

Plenary Sessions keynotes

Bina AgarwalBina Agarwal
University of Manchester, UK and University of Delhi, India
Bina Agarwal is Professor of Development Economics and Environment at the Global Development Institute, University of Manchester, UK. Prior to this, she was Director and Professor of Economics at the Institute of Economic Growth, Delhi University, where she continues to be affiliated. Educated at the Universities of Cambridge and Delhi, she has held distinguished teaching and research positions at many universities, including Harvard and Princeton. Her research encompasses diverse subjects such as land rights, poverty, agriculture, food security, environmental governance and sustainable development from a political economy and gender perspective, particularly focused on the most disadvantaged. She has published 12 books and more than 80 academic papers. Her book “A Field of One's Own: Gender and Land Rights in South Asia” (1994) was called a “lasting milestone” that would benefit a vast segment of the world’s disadvantaged women by the Jury of the Edgar Graham Book Prize in 1996. Her later work “Gender and Green Governance: the political economy of women's presence within and beyond community forestry” (2010) was endorsed by Nobel Laureate Elinor Ostrom as a book “of central importance in today´s world”. In 2010, she was awarded the Leontief prize for “advancing the frontiers of economic thought”. Agarwal has been board member of many international societies and organizations. She has been President of the International Society for Ecological Economics and President of the International Association for Feminist Economics. Currently is a member of the International Panel of Experts on Sustainable Food Systems (IPES-Food).

Hans-Joachim BraunHans-Joachim Braun
Director Global Wheat Program, International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT)
Hans-Joachim Braun, a native of Germany with background in wheat breeding based in Mexico, has led CIMMYT’s Global Wheat Program since 2004 and the CGIAR Research Program WHEAT since 2014. Responsible for technical direction and implementation of the program, he leads and manages 40 internationally recruited scientists, who develop wheat germplasm that is distributed to around 200 cooperators in more than 100 countries and grown of more than 50% of the spring wheat area in developing countries. He lived from 1985 to 2005 in Turkey, leading the Turkey CIMMYT ICARDA International Winter Wheat Improvement Program. He contributed to the development of more than 40 winter wheat varieties released mainly in West and Central Asia, which are grown on more than 2 million ha. Braun was instrumental in recognizing Zn deficiency and soil borne diseases as a major constraint for winter wheat production in the dryland areas of West Asia. In his 33 years with CIMMYT, he became familiar with all major wheat based cropping systems in the developing and developed world. He has published more than 50 peer-reviewed articles, and book chapters and received various awards, including the Friendship Award of China for his contribution to develop disease resistant wheat lines for Gansu province. Braun received his Ph.D. from the University of Hohenheim, Germany in 1983.

Monty JonesMonty Jones
Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security, Sierra Leone
Monty Jones is a plant breeder and since 2016 Minister of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Security of Sierra Leone. Prior, he has been Director of the Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA). He obtained a BSc in Agriculture from Njala University College, Sierra Leone as well as a MSc in Plant Genetic Resources and a Doctoral degree in Plant Biology, both from the University of Birmingham, UK. He has spent more than 30 years working in international agricultural research. From 1991 to 2002, he was principal breeder at the West Africa Rice Development Association (WARDA), now known as AfricaRice. During this time, he was a leader in the development of high-yield rice varieties, known as New Rice for Africa (NERICA), by crossing African (Oryza glaberrima) and Asian rice (Oryza sativa) species. The following dissemination of NERICA varieties helped to strongly increased rice production in Africa. For this achievement, he was awarded the World Food Prize in 2004. In 2007, he was named as one of the 100 most influential persons of the world by TIME Magazine. In 2014, Monty Jones became president of the European Marketing Research Center (EMRC), a non-profit organization to promote the private sector in Africa and attract international investments for a sustainable economic development of the continent.

Hans-Joachim PreussHans-Joachim Preuss
Managing Director GIZ, Eschborn, Germany
Dr Preuß started his professional career in development cooperation at GTZ in 1986. Up to 1990, he held various positions in Africa and at GTZ Head Office in Eschborn. From 1991 to 1994 he was employed as a research associate at the centre for regional development research at Justus Liebig University in Giessen, where he wrote his doctoral thesis on target group-oriented agricultural research in developing countries. After returning to GTZ in 1994, he was a member of the Corporate Development Unit until 1996. In 1996 Dr Preuß transferred to Welthungerhilfe in Bonn, where he was initially in charge of the Programmes and Projects Department. From 2003 to 2009, he was both Secretary General and Managing Director of Welthungerhilfe. On 1 July 2009 Dr Preuß was appointed Managing Director of GTZ. He has been a GIZ Managing Director since January 2011. Dr Preuß has written and published many books and articles on rural development, global food supplies and fragile statehood. In an honorary capacity, Dr Preuß acts as a lecturer at the Institute for Political Science and Sociology at the University of Bonn, is on the Advisory Board of the German foreign and security policy quarterly ‘Zeitschrift für Außen- und Sicherheitspolitik’, and is Deputy Chair of the Peter Hesse Foundation.

Tony SimonsTony Simons
Director General of the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF), Nairobi, Kenya
Tony Simons has worked for over thirty years on issues at the agriculture/forestry interface. This experience has been gained in over 50 countries in the private sector (Shell), academia (University of Oxford), official development assistance (ODA/DFID) and research (CGIAR). He has a PhD in tree genetics from Cambridge University (UK) as well as an Honorary Professorship in Tropical Forestry at the University of Copenhagen. He has published over 100 research papers and has mentored dozens of young female and male scientists in developing countries. Tony is passionate about the transformative and profitable change that the private sector can bring to development having established partnerships with MARS Inc., DANONE, Syngenta, Boehringer and Unilever. He also sits on various Boards and Investment committees including Global Restoration Council, TEEB Advisory Board, ACTS, Livelihoods Fund and Tropical Landscape Finance Facility.

Invited speakers for thematic sessions

Luigi GuarinoLuigi Guarino
Global Crop Diversity Trust, Bonn, Germany
Luigi Guarino is director of science and programs at the Global Crop Diversity Trust in Bonn, Germany. Guarino served as a consultant for FAO and IBPGR from 1984-87, working in the South Pacific and Middle East on a number of germplasm collecting, characterization and documentation projects, and as a germplasm collector for IBPGR from 1987-1992. He was then appointed to work on genetic diversity issues in Bioversity International’s sub-Saharan Africa Group based in Nairobi, Kenya. He then moved to the Bioversity Regional Office for the Americas in Cali, Colombia where he coordinated Bioversity’s global research agenda on measuring, locating and monitoring genetic diversity, with responsibility for the application of GIS. Guarino also managed Bioversity’s work on germplasm use in the region, including research on patterns of use of ex-situ collections. He had responsibility for national and regional program development in the Caribbean sub-region. From 2002 to 2006 he worked at the Secretariat of the Pacific Community in Fiji, where he coordinated and managed a regional PGR network for the Pacific Island countries and territories. Guarino is an author of some 30 refereed articles and more than 10 conference presentations, and has edited a number of books and proceedings. An Italian national, he holds BA and MA degrees in Applied Biology from the Cambridge University, UK.

Eike LuedelingEike Luedeling
University of Bonn, Germany and ICRAF
Eike Luedeling is a Senior Decision Analyst in Land Health Decisions Unit at the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF). Before taking this position in 2013, he worked as a Climate Change Scientist at the same institution since 2010. Since 2014, he is further Associate Senior Scientist at the Center for Development Research (ZEF) at the University of Bonn. Luedeling obtained a BSc in Organic Agriculture, a MSc in International Ecological Agriculture and a PhD in Agricultural Sciences all from the University of Kassel, and a degree on International Agricultural Development from the University of California, Davis. Luedeling has worked extensively on climate change impacts on agricultural and horticultural systems, in particular on temperate tree crops and water resources. He has published more than 65 peer-reviewed articles on these and other topics. His current work revolves around consideration of multiple uncertainties in decision-making, mainly on issues surrounding agroforestry, as well as water, land and ecosystem concerns. This involves robust estimation of uncertainties, construction of probabilistic models and calculation of the value of information in uncertain variables.

Liz WatsonLiz Watson
University of Cambridge, UK
Liz Watson is a University Lecturer and Pybus Fellow of Newnham College at Cambridge University, UK. She received her BSc in Anthropology and her doctoral degree in Geography from Cambridge. Watson's research focuses on the relations between livelihoods, institutions, environment and development in the drylands of the Horn of Africa. Her work examined the production and sustainability of its intensive agricultural terraced landscape in southern Ethiopia. She has studied changes and undermining of indigenous institutions in the context of multiple stressors, social, cultural and political developments as well as development projects. New research examines the resulting changes of pastoralists´ replacement of cows with camels in northern Kenya which is regarded as an adaptation to climate change in the region. Watson has also published on the importance of religion in social relations to environment and responses to climate change; on gender, environment and development; and on the impact of state restructuring programs on collective identities in the Horn of Africa. In 2011, she was the Mellon Teaching Fellow at the Centre for Research into Arts, Social Sciences and Humanities (CRASSH), Cambridge University. In 2012, she was awarded the Pilkington Prize in recognition of excellence in teaching at Cambridge.

Matthias WissuwaMatthias Wissuwa
JIRCAS, Tsukuba, Japan and University of Tokyo, Japan
Matthias Wissuwa is Senior Scientist at Japan International Center for Agricultural Sciences (JIRCAS) and Adjunct Professor in the Department of Global Agricultural Sciences at the University of Tokyo. Before joining JIRCAS in 2005, he spent four years at IRRI as a Plant Physiologist. Wissuwa is a plant breeder and geneticist with a strong interest in stress physiology. At JIRCAS he leads a team working on improving abiotic stress tolerance in rice, with particular emphasis on tolerance to zinc and phosphorus deficiency, improved nutrient utilization efficiency, and tolerance to excess ozone. He received his PhD in Plant Sciences from the University of Arizona, Tucson with a research project on drought tolerance. His previous degrees include a Diploma in Crop Sciences from Hohenheim University, and a Pre-Diploma in Agricultural Sciences from the University of Bonn.

Jianchu XuJianchu Xu
Chinese Academy of Sciences and ICRAF
Jianchu Xu is professor at the Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences and regional coordinator for East and Central Asia at the World Agroforestry Centre. He has been head of Water and Hazards at the International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development in Kathmandu, Nepal, and Director of the Chinese NGO “Center for Biodiversity and Indigenous Knowledge”. Xu obtained a PhD in Soil Science from China Agricultural University. He has a strong background in interdisciplinary research and is an internationally respected leading ethno-ecologist who works in coupled human environmental systems. Xu has mainly been working in Yunnan province of China, the Himalayas, the Mekong region and North Korea. His current research includes investigation of early warning signals of global change, transboundary water governance, landscape restoration, ecosystem services and their resilience, agriculture, and integrative conservation. Xu has published over 100 papers in high impact journals, including Nature, Science, and PNAS.