What Dimensions of Women's Empowerment Matter for Nutritional Outcomes? Evidence from Africa and Asia
Agnes Quisumbing1, Kathryn Sproule2, Hazel Malapit1, Elena Martinez3
1International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division, United States of America
Although linkages between increasing resources controlled by women and nutrition are well established, the linkages between women's empowerment and nutrition have been more difficult to quantify owing to the difficulty of measuring empowerment. This paper conducts new empirical analysis using the Women's Empowerment in Agriculture Index (WEAI), based on large scale surveys in six countries in Africa and Asia, to identify which dimensions and indicators of women's empowerment matter for different diet and nutrition outcomes. We use data from Feed the Future population-based surveys from Bangladesh, Nepal, Cambodia, Ghana, Mozambique, and Tanzania and model the relationship between nutritional outcomes at the household and individual level and women's empowerment in agriculture. Household-level outcomes include the household hunger score, household dietary diversity, and household calorie availability. Women's outcomes include dietary diversity and body mass index (BMI), while child outcomes include indicators of infant and young age feeding (IYCF) practices, dietary diversity, and anthropometric measures.
Keywords: Dietary diversity, infant and young child feeding, maternal and child nutrition, time use, women's empowerment in agriculture
Contact Address: Agnes Quisumbing, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Poverty, Health, and Nutrition Division, 1201 Eye Street, NW, 20005-3915 Washington, United States of America, e-mail: a.quisumbingcgiar.org