Agroforestry Options in Northwest Vietnam
Hoa Do1, Cory Whitney2, Eike Luedeling3
1University of Bonn, Agricultural Sciences and Resource Management in the Tropics and Sub-tropics (ARTS), Germany
The mountainous northwest of Vietnam, bordering Lao PDR and China, is home for the majority of the country's ethnic minorities. Both poverty and food insecurity are common in the region. Slash-and-burn maize, rice and cassava monocultures have been the main source of local livelihoods for decades. However, increasing population and land scarcity have induced the expansion of agricultural areas and consequent decline of land productivity due to soil erosion and land degradation. For these reasons, slash-and-burn agriculture practices often fail to guarantee sufficient food and income. As a solution, local farmers have begun to practice agroforestry through the introduction of high value trees into traditional cropping systems. Since 2012, the World Agroforestry Centre (ICRAF) has trialled several agroforestry options in the region with various combinations of timber, fruit, nut forage trees and annual crops. However, because of inherent production risks and many remaining uncertainties, assessing the long-term performance of agroforestry has remained challenging.
Keywords: Decision analysis, food insecurity, holistic model, risk and uncertainty
Contact Address: Hoa Do, University of Bonn, Agricultural Sciences and Resource Management in the Tropics and Sub-tropics (ARTS), Nussallee 1, 53115 Bonn, Germany, e-mail: dohoa1190gmail.com