Determinants and Impact of Adopting Climate-Smart Brachiaria Grass among Dairy Farmers in Kenya
Kevin Maina1, Cecilia Ritho1, Ben Lukuyu2, James Rao3
1University of Nairobi, Department of Agricultural Economics, Kenya
Evolving changes such as population growth, urbanisation and a growing middle-income class in Africa are redefining the agro-food systems. Population growth is expected to double the demand for milk and meat products in Africa by 2050. This raises concerns on the capability of African countries to meet the projected demand. It is imperative that farmers seize the opportunities for earning higher and stable income by responding to the new trends and overcoming the constraints tightened by climate change. Access to quality fodder has continued to be the single most important challenge in livestock production systems. The objective of this article is to evaluate the impact of climate-smart Brachiaria on feed sufficiency and milk productivity in dairy production in Kenya. A random sample of 237 farmers, 111 adopters and 126 non-adopters of Brachiaria was selected in Makueni and Siaya using multi-stage sampling. Data was collected through face to face interviews and Propensity score-matching approach was then employed to evaluate the impact of Brachiaria grass on feed sufficiency and milk productivity. In this study, non-adopters of Brachiaria were farmers who were using Napier grass as their source of fodder.
Keywords: Brachiaria grass, feed sufficiency, milk productivity, propensity score matching
Contact Address: Kevin Maina, University of Nairobi, Department of Agricultural Economics, 30197-00100 Nairobi, Kenya, e-mail: mainakevin.kmgmail.com