MYTOX-SOUTH: An Intercontinental Partnership to Improve Food Security and Food Safety in Developing Countries
Arnau Vidal, Marthe De Boevre, Sarah De Saeger
Ghent University, Bioanalysis Department, Belgium
Mycotoxins are toxic fungal secondary metabolites and can contaminate agricultural commodities during cultivation, harvesting, transport, processing, and storage. Mycotoxins are globally distributed and are observed in a vast range of agriculture commodities and environments. This results in contaminated cereal crops, spices, nuts, fruits not suitable for human consumption, leading to enormous economic losses, worldwide. Mycotoxins are present in a wide range of products, from agricultural crops (rice, wheat, rye, barley, corn, soybeans, sorghum, nuts, spices), cereal-based foods (baking products, pasta, breakfast cereals), beverages (fruits, juices and purees, beer and wine), and animal feed to several animal products (dairy products, meat, eggs). Mycotoxin intake may lead to autoimmune illnesses, metabolic and biochemical deficiencies, allergic manifestations, reduction of reproductive efficiency, and may also lead to teratogenicity, carcinogenicity, mutagenicity, and death.
Keywords: Aflatoxins, capacity building, mycotoxins
Contact Address: Arnau Vidal, Ghent University, Bioanalysis Department, Ottergemsesteenweg 460, 9000 Ghent, Belgium, e-mail: arnau.vidalcorominasugent.be