Pathways and Theories of Change for Nutrition and Health Outcomes from Agriculture, Examples Across Food Systems, Biofortification, Food Safety and Integrated Programs and Policies
Namukolo Covic1, Inge D. Brouwer2, Jeff Leroy3, Erick Boy3, Kristina Roesel4, Fred Unger5, Erastus Kang'ethe6
1International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Poverty Health and Nutrition Div., Ethiopia
Each programme area in A4NH considers how its research outputs lead to immediate and intermediate development outcomes and benefits for beneficiaries. Three of the A4NH programme areas work through markets and value chain pathways. For food systems (Inge Brouwer), we take a more systemic view of food actors and how they interact to improve diet quality. For biofortification (Ekin Birol), very specific supply chains by crop and country are assessed through detailed assessments of supply chains and how they function. For food safety (Kristina Roesel and Fred Unger), theories of change, rely on understanding risk behaviours and incentives and how they can be influenced. In all these programme areas, the assumptions behind the theories of change are compiled in evidence tables in which we evaluate the strength of evidence for different assumptions on how outcomes and impacts are achieved.
Keywords: Agriculture, health, impact pathways, implementation, nutrition, policy, theories of change
Contact Address: Namukolo Covic, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Poverty Health and Nutrition Div., Addis Abeba, Ethiopia, e-mail: n.coviccgiar.org