Acacia Wood Production and Commercialisation Systems for Smallholder Livelihood Development in Central Vietnam
Thi Tham La1, Jürgen Pretzsch1, Dietrich Darr2
1Technische Universität Dresden, Inst. of International Forestry and Forest Products: Tropical Forestry, Germany
Since the 1990s, the Vietnamese government has adopted the policy of allocating degraded forest land for afforestation and sustainable management to smallholder households. This policy aims to achieve environmental objectives as well as simultaneously improve rural livelihoods and forest-based industries. After the restriction of timber harvests from natural forest in 2014, domestic material sources for forest-based industries mainly come from plantation forests of which more than half is under the management of smallholder households. One of the most important species currently cultivated by smallholder is hybrid Acacia (Acacia auriculiformis × Acacia mangium) due to its suitability for local conditions, early benefits and low upfront investment. The Acacia hybrid plantations contribute to smallholders' diversification strategy which enables them to reduce farm-risk, increase income and enhance food security. However, a comprehensive analysis of this sector, so far, is lacking.
Keywords: Acacia hybrid, livelihood, profitability, smallholder, timber, Vietnam
Contact Address: Thi Tham La, Technische Universität Dresden, Inst. of International Forestry and Forest Products: Tropical Forestry, Postfach 1117, 01735 Tharandt, Germany, e-mail: la_thi.thamtu-dresden.de