Incidence of Pollinators Decline on the International Trade: Social Welfare and Food Security Analysis
Zafarani Uwingabire, Nicola Gallai, Charilaos Kephaliacos
Ecole National Supérieur de Formation Agronomique, UMR, Lereps, France
In the 2014 Rome declaration on nutrition, countries together reinforced their common understanding on food security connectivity to nutritious food consumption. In fact, countries have spent far too long looking solely at calories as the answer to food security; though, if we look at the factors that genuinely contribute to addressing malnutrition and stunting, it is not just calories production alone, but also the production of diverse non-staple foodstuffs. Indeed, ecological and agronomic scientists have alerted the links between the nutritional content of non-staple crops and their full or partial dependence on insect pollination services for their natural process of production. The insect pollination, in general, accounts around 60% of the world production volume of crops and 35% of world crop species. The contribution of this service to the value of the world agricultural sector is evaluated between 153 and 260 billion euros representing about 9.5% of the value of the world edible crops production. Moreover, pollinator dependent crops contribute up to 40% of the world's supply of nutrients.
Keywords: Economic evaluation, ecosystem services, international trade, pollination
Contact Address: Zafarani Uwingabire, Ecole National Supérieur de Formation Agronomique, UMR, Lereps, 29 Rue de L' Ukraine Aprt 100, 31100 Toulouse, France, e-mail: ewingzannygmail.com