Impact of Organic and Conventional Farming Systems on Termite Presence, Diversity and Maize Crop Damage
John J Anyango1, David Bautze2, Noah Adamtey2
1Kenyan Agricultural and Livestock Research Organization (KALRO), Kenya
Termites are major soil macrofauna and within the literature, they are either depict as ‘pests' or an important indicator for environmental sustainability. It is worthwhile to understand the extent to which termites can be managed to avoid crop damage and to improve the sustainability of farming systems. Therefore, the objectives of the study were to assess the effect of organic and conventional farming systems on termite presence, diversity, activity and crop damage. To achieve these objectives, we conducted a study in the maize crops on the on-going long-term systems comparisons trials (SysCom) at two sites in the Central Highlands of Kenya. The trial is comparing organic and conventional farming systems at two input levels: low input representing smallholder farmer practice and high input representing commercial scale practice.
Keywords: Farming systems, organic agriculture, termites
Contact Address: David Bautze, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture, International Cooperation, Ackerstr. 113, 5070 Frick, Switzerland, e-mail: david.bautzefibl.org