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Tropentag 2019, September 18 - 20, Kassel, Germany

"Filling gaps and removing traps for sustainable resources development"


In vitro Conservation and Recovery of Ullucus tuberosus (Loz.) after Reduced Growth of Microshoots

Stacy Denise Hammond Hammond1, Iva Viehmannová1, Jiri Zamecnik2, Bart Panis3, Petra Hlasna Cepkova 4

1Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Fac. of Tropical AgriSciences, Dept. of Crop Sciences and Agroforestry, Czech Republic
2Crop Research Institute, Plant Physiology and Cryobiology Laboratory, Czech Republic
3Bioversity International, c/o KU Leuven, Belgium
4Crop Research Institute, Gene Bank, Czech Republic


Abstract


In vitro conservation by the use of reduced growth is considered to be a reliable biotechnological tool for medium-term conservation of plant germplasm while ensuring its immediate availability. In the present study, we assessed reduced growth condition using five culture media supplements, a cultivation temperature of 4 °C and a 24 h in vitro growth in complete darkness, to establish a simple and reliable in vitro conservation protocol for ulluco (Ullucus tuberosus). Ulluco is an Andean tuberous crop rich in carbohydrates and vitamin C and it represents a staple crop for local people. For this experiment, individual nodal segments of ulluco were precultured for 28 days on half-strength Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium maintained in a culture room under a 16/8 h light/dark regime at 17 °C, and at a photosynthetic photon flux density of 35 µmol m-2 s-1 provided by cool-white fluorescent tubes. They were then transferred to half-strength MS medium supplemented with mannitol (10-30 g l-1), sorbitol (10-30 g l-1), sucrose (10-120 g l-1), chlorcholinchlorid (CCC; 300-700 mg l-1) or abscisic acid (ABA; 1-3 mg l-1) and were placed in a cultivation temperature of 4 °C and a 24 h dark conditions for 24 months. Based on survival percentage and number and size of MTs, three superior treatments were selected for further experiment on microtuber germination: mannitol (20 g l-1), sorbitol (30 g l-1) and sucrose (90 g l-1). Three regrowth media were tested: MS, half-strength MS and MS supplemented with 0.5 mg -1 GA3. After 3-months survival, MT germination and morphological characteristics were evaluated. Results showed that MS cultivation medium supplemented with GA3 and MTs originated from conservation medium supplemented with 90 g l-1 sucrose showed the fastest regrowth and provided overall superior characteristics over plants from other conservation treatments and tested regrowth media. The protocol optimised in this study provides minimal labour and efficient method of ulluco conservation for 24 months.

This research was financially supported by the Internal Grant Agency of Faculty of Tropical AgriSciences, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague IGA (Project No. 20195002) and the MZe RO0418 project. BP gratefully acknowledges the Gene Bank CGIAR Research Programme and the CGIAR Research Programme on Roots, Tubers and Bananas (RTB) and the Directorate-General for Development, Belgium (DGD) for financial support of the project 'Safeguarding vegetatively-propagated crop diversity to nourish people now and in the future'.


Keywords: Gibberellic acid, in vitro conservation, microtubers, sucrose, ulluco


Contact Address: Stacy Denise Hammond Hammond, Czech University of Life Sciences Prague, Fac. of Tropical AgriSciences, Dept. of Crop Sciences and Agroforestry, Kamycka 1281, Kolej F204, 16521 Prague, Czech Republic, e-mail: hammondstacy9@gmail.com


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