Crop Diversification and Participation of Farm Households in Different Marketing Chains of Finger Millet and Maize Crops vis-à-vis Food Security Status in Rural-Urban Interface of Bengaluru
Veerabhadrappa Bellundagi1, Umesh K B1, Ashwini B C1, Prasanna Kumar P S1, Stephan von Cramon-Taubadel2
1UAS GKVK Bengaluru, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, India
The linkage between agriculture and nutrition is complex and often debated in India's policy discourse. The enigma of being the fastest growing economy and yet the largest home of under- and mal-nourished population takes away the sheen from India's economic achievements. Diversification of agriculture in favour of competitive and high-value enterprises is considered an important strategy to augment farm income, generate employment, alleviate poverty and conserve soil and water resources. In the recent past, agricultural diversification occurred largely through crop substitution. Within the Indo-German research project 'The rural-urban interface of Bengaluru - a space of transition in agriculture, economics and society', sub project 'Food insecurity at different stages of urbanisation' funded by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India, we examined crop diversity, use of marketing chains and food security status of farm households (HHs). Primary data was collected from 659 HHs situated along a south and 616 HHs located along a north transect across the rural urban interface of Bengaluru. Crop diversification was analysed using Herfindahl index (HI), with a HI close to zero representing complete crop diversification and a value close to one representing complete specialisation.
Keywords: Crop diversification, food security, Herfindahl index, maize, marketing channels, finger millet
Contact Address: Veerabhadrappa Bellundagi, UAS GKVK Bengaluru, Dept. of Agricultural Economics, 560065 Bengaluru, India, e-mail: veeru.b4619gmail.com