Access to Forest Resources: Women's Rights to Parkia biglobosa in Three Villages in Central-West Burkina Faso
Catherine A. K. Pehou1, Houria Djoudi2, Barbara Vinceti3
1Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Regional Office for West Africa, Burkina Faso
Parkia biglobosa, a NTFP tree species commonly known as "néré" is particularly important in the diet of rural and urban populations in the Sudano-Sahelian zone. The seeds are processed into a highly nutritious sauce, called "soumbala", combined with cereal dishes. While néré is very popular, its occurrence is declining because of various threats hindering its regeneration. In a condition of increasing scarcity of néré and increasing demand, changes in use and access rights, depending on the social status of harvesters, are taking place.
Harvesting is an activity carried out by women. Although they depend on NTFP in general, and on néré in particular, to procure food for the household and for income generation, they have no secure access to tree resources.
This study focused on the analysis of the dynamics of women's access rights and control over néré in three villages in Central-West Burkina Faso, inhabited by three ethnic groups (Nouni, Mossi and Fulani) with specific and differentiated modes of access to the land.
Keywords: Gender, NTFP, NTFP exploitation, Parkia biglobosa, tree access rights, tree tenure
Contact Address: Catherine A. K. Pehou, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), Regional Office for West Africa, 01 BP 6828, Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso, e-mail: catherine.pehougmail.com