Agrobiodiversity: The Key to Food Security, Adaptation to Climate Change and Resilience
Friederike Kraemer, Alberto Camacho
GIZ, Sustainable Agriculture, Germany
In many tropical regions of the world people depend of what nature can provide: Food, medicine, fodder for their animals as well as construction and burning material. At the same time there is an increasing pressure on natural resources by a growing population and changing consumption patterns. Agrobiodiversity is the outcome of the interactions between genetic resources, the environment and the management systems and practices used by farmers and herders. It has developed over millennia, as a result of both natural selection and human interventions. The conservation and sustainable use of agrobiodiversity is essential for the survival of humankind. Besides its supporting role in risk-management for smallholder farmers in developing countries by assuring their survival and livelihood, agrobiodiversity holds important keys for the future adaptation of agriculture to a changing environment. Greater genetic diversity contributes to reducing climatic and disease-related risks and increases resilience.
Keywords: Agrobiodiversity, developing countries, food security, genetic ressources, German development cooperation, resilience, smallholder farmers, sustainable agriculture
Contact Address: Friederike Kraemer, GIZ, Sustainable Agriculture, Dag-Hammarskjöld-Weg 1-5, 65760 Eschborn, Germany, e-mail: friederike.kraemergiz.de