People's Forest Management on the Island of Java: How Have Changes Occurred after the Decentralisation Era?
Wiene Andriyana, Karl Hogl, Ralf Nordbeck
University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Inst. of Forest Environmental and Natural Resource Policy (INFER), Austria
In Java, around 70% of state-owned forests have been exclusively managed for more than 30 years by The State Forest Company (SFC). As with privately owned forests, the typical form of non-state forest management in Java is called a People's Forest (PF), which are usually managed in a non-commercial style. By regulation, the SFC is only authorized to manage state-owned forest in Java. However, since SFC was the only existing forest-related institution located at district level, for a long period of time SFC also had additional power to legitimize timber harvested from People's Forests. This means, without approval from the SFC, owners of People's Forests could not cut their trees to sell timber products in a legal manner. This complex administrative procedure has created disincentives for People's Forest development. This situation however has shifted since Indonesia's national decentralisation policy was introduced.
Keywords: Decentralisation, forest management, people's forest, policy arrangement approach
Contact Address: Wiene Andriyana, University of Natural Resources and Life Sciences (BOKU), Inst. of Forest Environmental and Natural Resource Policy (INFER), Gustav Tschermakgasse 5-7, 1180 Vienna, Austria, e-mail: wiene.andriyanagmail.com