THERDCHAI VEARASILP1, WATCHARA LAENOI1, SUCHADA VEARASILP2, NATTASAK KRITTIGAMAS3, WOLFGANG LÜCKE3, ELKE PAWELZIK4, UDO TER MEULEN5
1Chiang Mai University, Department of Animal Science, Thailand
2Chiang Mai University, Department of Agronomy, Thailand
3Georg-August-University Göttingen, Institute of Agricultural Technology, Germany
4Georg-August-University Göttingen, Institute of Agricultural Chemistry, Germany
5Georg-August-University Göttingen, Institute of Animal Physiology and Nutrition, Germany
Several heating methods are used in practice to destroy trypsin inhibitor in order to improve nutritive value of soybean which is a major source of protein in animal feed. This experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of radio frequency technique, a dielectric heating, on nutrient quality and destruction of trypsin inhibitor in soybean. Soybean used in this study was ChiangMai 60 variety. Six groups of the soybean were irradiated with radio frequency at 27.12 MHz. The defined target temperatures were 80°C, 100°C and 120°C and holding on constant for defined processing time 90 and 180 seconds. The results of chemical analysis showed that untreated soybean contained ash, crude protein, either extract, crude fibre, and nitrogen free extract 5.23, 37.60, 18.92, 6.15 and 23.32% DM respectively. The chemical composition of untreated soybean was similar to those of the soybean treated with radio frequency. Thus, radio frequency had no effect on chemical composition of the soybean. All soybean samples had similar amount of acid value which indicated that radio frequency did not affect oil quality of the soybean. The result of trypsin inhibitor analysis showed that raw soybean contained 28.75 mg trypsin inhibitor (TIU) which was higher than those of radio frequency treatment at 80°C, 100°C and 120°C at 90 and 120 seconds (9.70, 9.59, 8.98 and 8.80, 8.42, 7.88 TIU mg-1 respectively). Increasing of the temperature and processing time resulted in decreasing trypsin inhibitor. It can be concluded that radio frequency may introduce a new aspect in feed processing technique to improve nutrient quality of soybean by destruction of trypsin inhibitor without adverse effect on other nutrients composition.
Keywords: Acid value, chemical composition, radio frequency, soybean, trypsin inhibitor