JAIME OSVALDO MUNOZ JANS, BOHUMIL HAVRLAND, VLADIMIR KREPL
University of Agriculture Prague, Institute of Engineering, Economics and Rural Development in the Tropics and Subtropics, Czech Republic
The global environmental change represents the most contemporary problem urgent to resolve for the surviving of future generations. It threats all environments and living forms in the earth, changing cropping patterns, biodiversity and economic structures. The question of natural resource consumption, environmental protection and sustainable development, takes an essential importance through the use of bio-energy carriers in worldwide implementation, which could serve like a catalyser in the measures to resolve principally the question of greenhouse effect in widely form.
The elaboration of bio-energetic carriers, according to a bio-energy implementation especially in rural areas, presents a new platform to get sustainable and rural development. This development would grant the idea of living environmental protection, economical growth and nature conservation.
At this base, biomass resources have the potential to mitigate greenhouse effect, giving a neutral energetic raw material in reference to carbon dioxide (main precursor of this phenomenon) and the renewability of the productive cycle. The variability of biomass resources, as a base to produce different bio-energy carriers (liquid, solid and gas bio-fuels), is a way that can be used to replace fossil sources in transport and energy sector principally in rural farms and in country seats of the Developing Countries.
The benefits gained by mean of biomass resource use in the Developing Countries, at base on the implementation of a correct planning and administration for the integration of the bio-energetic systems and programs, would be the rehabilitation of landscape, the reduction of the sulphur oxide, methane and nitrogen emissions to the atmosphere, the constant development of rural industries and employment, breaking the existing economic disparity between cities and rural areas, and at the same time elevating the life standard of rural population.
The present article has like the principal objective to analyse the possibilities to implement renewable energy resources for greenhouse mitigation in the Developing Countries, which in this case are biomass resources and to establish sustainable rural development by the way of bio-energy carrier production.
Keywords: Bio-energy carrier production, bio-energy system implementation, bio-fuels (liquid, solid and gas), carbon mitigation, climate change, environmental problems, rural development, sustainable development