KLAUS DITTERT, SHAN LIN, CHRISTINE KREYE, XUNHUA ZHENG, YANGCHUN XU, LU XUEJUAN, QIRONG SHEN, XIAOLIN FAN, BURKHARD SATTELMACHER
Kiel University, Institute of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Germany
China Agricultural University, Department of Plant Nutrition, China
Chinese Academy of Sciences, Institute of Atmospheric Physics, China
Nanjing Agricultural University, College of Natural Resources, China
South China Agricultural University, Fertilizer and Balanced Fertilization Lab, China
Submerged lowland rice fields make a substantial contribution to global warming by emission of greenhouse gases, typically methane, CH. The impact of paddy rice production on nitrous oxide (NO) production is less clear. The strong anaerobic conditions of the bulk soil of paddy rice fields promote CH production, while they might limit NO emission. Water-saving rice production systems have not been tested so far. Here we present an evaluation of the water-saving GCRPS for its impact on emission of methane and nitrous oxide.
Two Ground Cover Rice Production Systems using thin plastic film or straw mulch soil cover were compared to traditional paddy rice production in three major Chinese rice regions, Beijing, Nanjing and Guangzhou. There was a pronounced effect of water management. In the traditionally submerged rice fields, methane emission was dominant, and only during the drainage period before panicle initiation nitrous oxide emission were found. In contrast, methane emission from GCRPS was negligible in Beijing and Nanjing. Only in Guangzhou after heavy rainfall in the beginning of the growing period, both systems showed similar methane fluxes. NO emission generally increased with water-saving GCRPS, and emission events were clearly linked to fertilization. Considering the global warming potentials of CH and NO, the compensation of reduced CH emission by increased NO fluxes became evident. Our results show that, for Beijing and Nanjing, GCRPS led to a small increase in the total effect of GCRPS on global warming, while in tropical Guangzhou with high CH emission from traditional rice system, GCRPS resulted in a small reduction.
Keywords: GCRPS, green house gases, global warming, rice production system, China